Grade 5: Science SOL
Scientific Investigation, Reasoning,
5.1 The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
appropriate instruments are selected and used for making quantitative
observations of length, mass, volume, and elapsed time
rocks, minerals, and organisms are identified using a classification
data are collected, recorded, and reported using the appropriate graphical
representation (graphs, charts, diagrams)
accurate measurements are made using basic tools (thermometer, meter
stick, balance, graduated cyclinder)
predictions are made using patterns, and simple graphical data are extrpolated
estimations are made of length, mass, and volume
Force, Motion, and Energy
5.2 The student will investigate and understand how sound
is transmitted and is used as a means of communication.
Key concepts include:
frequency, waves, wavelength, resonance, vibration
the ability of different media (solids, liquids, gases) to transmit
communication tools (voice, Morse code, sonar, animal sounds, musical
In The Air: Sounds from the Orchestra
Hearing, and Smelling the World
5.3 The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics
of white light. Key concepts include:
the visible spectrum, light waves, reflection, refraction, diffraction,
opaque, transparent, translucent
optical tools (eyeglasses, lenses, flashlight, camera, kaleidoscope,
binoculars, microscope, light boxes, telescope, prism, spectroscope, mirrors)
historical contributions in understanding light.
of Light Find out how
rainbows are formed.
Library Learn about the properties of light waves,
Bob Miller's "Light Walk" at the Exploratorium An
eye-opening expereience for students and teachers alike. His unique
discoveries will change the way you look at light, shadow, and images.
5.4 The student will investigate and understand that matter is anything
that has mass, takes up space, and occurs as a solid, liquid or gas. Key
atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds
mixtures and solutions
effect of temperature on the states of matter
A beginner's look into chemistry and the periodic elements.
Phantom's Portrait Parlor: Learn about the principles
of atoms and matter.
5.5 The student will investigate and understand that organisms are
made of cells and have distinguishing characteristics. Key concepts
parts of a cell
five kingdoms of living things
vascular and nonvascular plants
vertebrates and invertebrates
and Animal Cells
of Plants and Animals
Botanical Gardens Take a trip to through the garden
and learn about flowers, plants and nature.
Unpack your microscope and prepare for a voyage to unseen worlds.
Online resources offer exciting new opportunities for exploring the field
of microscopy. You haven't really seen something until you've seen
it through a microscope.
Interrelationships in Earth/Space
5.6 The student will investigate and understand characteristics
of the ocean environment. Key concepts include:
geological characteristics (continental shelf, slope, rise)
physical characteristics (depth, salinity, major currents)
biological characteristics (ecosystems)
public policy decisions related to the ocean environment (assessment
of marine organism populations, pollution prevention)
VII: Adapting to a Changing Sea The edge of the
sea provides habitats and food for the majority of the world's population
and also to many aquatic organisms. It also plays a role in many
global cycles, including climate change. During the JASON VII expedition,
researchers, students, and teachers will join Dr. Robert Ballard in an
investigation of several interconnected shallow-water habitats in
Southern Florida - the Everglades, Florida Bay, Florida Keys, the Florida
reef tract, and the relic reefs on Pourtals Terrace."
Secrets of the Ocean Realm
of the Ocean
Earth Patterns, Cycles, and
5.7 The student will investigate and understand how the Earth's
surface is constantly changing. Key concepts include:
the rock cycle including the identification of rock types
Earth's history and fossil evidence
the basic structure of the Earth's interior
plate tectonics (earthquakes and volcanoes) weathering and erosion
The earth is the pushing and pulling in the core, crust, or water
of the Earth that causes motion like eruptions, quakes, or floods.
and Glacial Ages
to General Science
Date Entered: March 6, 1998
Date Updated: January 8, 2001