The Nature of Matter
I.  Characteristics of Matter
    A.  Describe Matter
            +  Matter is anything that has mass (weight for its size) and takes up space (volume)=density (mass/volume)
    B.   States of Matter
            1.  solid  (e.g., ice) particles are close together, vibrate back and forth, but don't leave their position
            2.  liquid  (e.g., water) particles are farther apart
            3.  gas (steam=water vapor), particles move so fast, particles spread out to fill their container
    C.  The Effect of Energy or temperature (energy of motion=kinetic energy)
            1.  removing heat from a gas (e.g., condensation:  changes a gas to a liquid)
            2.  removing heat from a liquid (e.g. freezing)
II.  Kinds of Matter
    A.  Classify:  matter has mass (weight for its) and volume (takes up space)
            + Substance:  same makeup and properties
                1.  mixture:  combination of 2 or more kinds of matter that can be seperated by physical means (e.g., icecream)
                    + solution:  mixture matter particles are spread evenly throughout
                        a.  solvent:  material present in greater amount
                        b.  solute:  material present in smaller amount
                2.  compounds:  two or more elements that are chemically combined (e.g., water and sugar)
                     + molecules:  the linked atoms in most compounds (e.g., H2O=water)
    B.  Identifying Elements:  particles that can't be broken into another substance (aluminum, copper, gold)
                1.  atom:  samllest paricle of an element
                2.  chemical symbol: 1 or 2 letter abbreviations for elements (e.g, O=oxygen, H=hydrogen, Cl=cloride, Fe=iron, Au=gold)
                3.  periodic table: 109 symbols
 

RESOURCES
Molecules in Motion Songhttp://www.mcps.org/ces/resouces/ney/science5/mmotion.html
Mathematics and Molecules www.mathmol.com
Brainpophttp://www.brainpop.com/noflash.htm
Physics:  http://pittsford.monroe.edu/Schools/Jefferson/Physics/Matter.html
Science Games and Cool Matter Quiz  http://www.science-kids.com/Pages/Games/coolfacts.html
Welcome to Matter: http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/textbook/4gradecover.html