Endangered Species: Humpback Whale

Submitted by: Panda, Grade 5
Christiansburg Elementary School
Christiansburg VA USA



Why Study This Topic? What Was Already Known Search for Information Description of Plant or Animal Habitat Requirements
Adaptations Reasons for Endangerment Restoration Actions What Was Learned Conclusions from Research

 Why Study This Topic?

        My animal is a Humpback  whale. I would like to know more about this animal. I want to know what it eats, and why it lives were it does. There are things that people need to know about these animals and other endangered animals to protect them.
        I think that people should be able to see these animals more often. People don't understand that its their responsibility to keep this animal alive so their great grandchildren can see them in their natural habitat.
         I am interested in this animal because it is an amazing creature and an endangered species. I think it is our responsibility to keep them alive because we were the ones who killed them for our own needs and didn't consider its needs. There aren't many Humpback whales left in the ocean.

What Was Already Known


    Before I researched my animal I only knew a little bit of information about the Humpback whale. I knew only the following facts: I knew that this animal lived in the water; I knew it was a mammal; and I also knew it was a large whale.
    I  didn't know anything else about my animal, except that its predator is the Killer whale, and that it is an Arctic animal.
    My animal was not an animal that someone would know a lot about if that person never studied it.  That is probably because it is an endangered species, and it is not one of our every day animals.

Search for Information

    I searched the Inernet at the following web sites:

http:// www. webcom.com/~iwcwww/whale_adoption/babytale.html,http:// www.acsonline.org/factpack/humpback.htm,http://www.state.ak.us/local/akpages/FISH.GAME/ wildlife/geninfol/games/humpback.htm,http://collections.ic.gc.calarctic/species/humpback.htm


    I also looked in World Book Encyclopedia. From my information I found out its mating habits, where it lives, what it eats, how long it is, how much it weighs, and its life style.

Description of Plant or Animal

    The Humpback whale  is a 3-2 ton whale. It gets up to 80 feet in length and has an oval-shaped body.  The Humpback whale has a large amount of bumps on its skin.  That is how it got its name.  This giant whale is a baleen whale. That is a whale that opens its mouth and lets water fill its stomach. Then it closes its teeth and pushes out all of the water in its mouth, leaving only the small fish that the whale eats in its mouth. The whale is not the largest animal, but it has an extremely large amount of strength for its size.

Habitat Requirements

    The animal I am studying is a baleen whale. Therefore, it needs water and the small fish it eats. My animal is very large in size and in strength. That is why it needs a large amount of space. It also needs shelter from its predators, but this animal can only swim or dive for safety. My animal lives in the sea, so it also needs salt water. It also needs space to raise its young and migrate. My animal also needs the ability to live its life peacefully.
 My animal needs a new mate every year. Sometimes that is hard to find. My animal also needs the ability to live in its natural habitat not in an aquarium or zoo.


         The Humpback whale has few natural enemies.  However, the killer whale is its main predator. The Humpback whale is a baleen whale, so its prey is small krill that live in the Arctic Ocean.  This animal has dark blue coloring that helps it blend in with the water. Although this whale has some camouflage, it is not very difficult to spot it in the water. The Humpback whale has other strategies that it can take to protect its self from its human predator that is hunting it such as diving underwater or swimming away from danger.

Reasons for Endangerment

    The main reason that the Humpback whale is endangered is because of humans. People used to just kill them for their meat and skin. People only worried about themselves, and not about what killing the Humpback whale would do to its population.
    If  people thought before killing this whale there might be more of them left.  However, people may learn from their mistakes and realize that every living thing has a right to survive,  no matter what it looks like. Everything will always deserve to live. Maybe one day the Humpback whale's population will be as large as it was a long time ago.

Restoration Actions

    The government has made laws against hunting the Humpback Whale. The only human who is legally allowed to hunt the HumpBack whale  is  the eskimo. The only reason they are allowed to hunt this species is because they rely on the meat. Even if the Eskimo are allowed  to kill this whale, they still have a limited amount they can hunt every year.
    However I think they should not be allowed to hunt this species either. The reason I think this is because even with a limited amount of hunting pressure this species still might  become extinct.

What Was Learned

    I learned a lot about the Humpback whale. I learned its predator, prey ,size ,color , shape , lifestyle, and mating habits.  I  also learned that the Humpback whale is extremely endangered. There are only 15 to 20 thousand left in the world.   That is only 15% of its original population.
    I learned a lot about computers. I learned how to link things and how to make a slide-show presentation.

Conclusions From Research

     I think that it is our responsibility to keep the Humpback whale alive.The reason I think this is because people are the main reason this species is endangered. If humans wouldn't  hunt this animal, it might still have a large population.     Although humans have hunted them so long, people learn from their mistakes, and realize right from wrong. I feel that people should stop hunting this animal. I think this because the Humpback whale has a right to live as much as we do.




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Christiansburg Elementary
Last updated on February 3, 2000