Endangered Species: Bewick's Wren

A Christiansburg Elementary Project
Submitted by Laura
Christiansburg Elementary School, Christiansburg, U.S.A.

Bewick's Wren

Photographer courtesy of Virginia's Endangered Species

Why Study This Topic? What Was Already Known Search for Information Description of Plant or Animal Habitat Requirements
Adaptations Reasons for Endangerment Restoration Actions What Was Learned Conclusions from Research

Why Study This Topic?

  I'm interested in this bird , the Bewick's Wren, because I have always seen them in my yard. However, I haven't any information about them. I would like to know the reason that the wren is endangered in Virginia, because I may want to do something special for them if I see them. For instance, I would try to get them to nest in my yard.

What Was Already Known

  What I knew before I started to research on the wren was that these wrens are endangered in Montgomery County. I also knew that the wren is brown with black and white stripes. I have seen them around the neighborhood. I didn't ever think that they were endangered.

Scientists don't know the reason they are endangered. They think it is very unclear, but the most common reason is that they have a loss of habitat. This is happening because as the human population increases more trees are cut down. There are still some wrens, but there are not as many as scientists would like to have.

Search for Information

  I have searched many places. A few of these places were the Internet, the library, and encyclopedias on the computer. On the Internet I got a lot of information. The next place was the encyclopedia. Even though they were older, they told me many things about their description. The third place was a program on the computer.

 The problem of the search was that I couldn't find out why the wren is not common in some areas.


The wren is four to eight inches long from peck to tail feather. They are very short, but their tails can be long. The shape of the wren is very short and round, with rounded wings. Wrens have moderate-sized feet, mildly slender bills, and tails that sometimes are short or long. The color of the wren is brown with white and black markings.

Habitat Requirements

  Wrens make their nest in human places such as a mail box. Since they are so small and round, they like little holes to sleep in. Even though there are many animals which are enemies to the wren, most die because humans invade their space.

 The wren eats a lot of different kinds of bugs. The wren's favorite food is spiders. Wrens feed their baby birds small bugs. Wrens also get their water from bird baths, rain droplets, and nearby ponds.


  Wrens must beware of many different enemies. One of them is a big animal that eats birds. Wrens are so small that they are easy to catch, when you can find them. They hide in the brush. Wrens are predators of many kind of insects, but they really love spiders.

 The wrens have many special things about them. They have spots of black and white that act as camouflage so they can hide in places and not be seen.

Reasons for Endangerment

  The wren is endangered in some parts of the world, because humans have destroyed their homes by cutting down trees due to population growth.

 There are 170 kinds of species of wrens and 10 of the 170 live in North America. Most of the wrens live in Central and South America. Some people have begun action to keep the wrens alive. They catch and observe wrens, so they can learn how to help them in the wilderness.

Restoration Actions

  There are many people in the world who take action on behalf of birds. When someone takes action, it means they are doing something. When scientists help wrens, they catch them and do tests on a few to see what can be done to help and to find out what is causing the wrens' endangerment. These people want to increase the wrens' population.

What Was Learned

  I have learned a lot writing this report. I have learned that the wren is endangered in some areas. I thought they were just a regular bird that was everywhere.

Conclusions From Research

  The benefit in doing this report is for everyone else to be able to share this wonderful information so they can learn as much as I did.


  Terwilliger, Karen.1991. "Virginia's Endangered Species" Pages: 518-529.
Britannica, Inc. 1991. " Children's Britannica." Pages: 163-164. 
left arrow Return to Bird page.

If you would like to add to these Endangered Species
pages then email your contributions to Christiansburg Elementary

© copyright 1997 

Christiansburg Elementary
Last updated on March 12, 1997