Endangered Species:Bank Swallow

A Christiansburg Elementary Project
Submitted by Justin R
Christiansburg Elementary School, Christiansburg, U.S.A.

Bank Swallow

Photography courtesy of Virginia's Endangered Species

Why Study This Topic? What Was Already Known Search for Information Description of Plant or Animal Habitat Requirements
Adaptations Reasons for Endangerment Restoration Actions What Was Learned Conclusions from Research

Why Study This Topic?

  I want to find out what size the Bank Swallow is, what color it is , and what shape it is. I need to know how much food it eats, and what water, shelter, and space it needs. I also want to know if it has made any adaptations and why it is endangered. Most importantly, I want to know what humans are doing to make its population bigger?

 The reason why I'm doing this is because we have to get a better grade, and our teacher wants us to learn how to do research reports. The best reason is that I want people to see more of Barn Swallows. I do not want to see them become extinct, like dinosaurs.

What Was Already Known

  My animal is a bird, and it has a little fork tail. I also think that it lives in creek banks and other water banks. I also believe that it eats crawdads, water insects, or land insects.

Search for Information

  I searched on the computer, in the library in an encyclopedia and The Encyclopedia of Children's Britannica. I found wildlife facts in volumes one and two. I looked in the library, and I looked on school computers and in a wildlife movie.

 I found a lot of information, but not much new information. The books and computers said the same thing over and over again such as how it has a forked tail, and that it is the smallest swallow, and that it lives in the banks of creeks, rivers, and ponds.


  The adult Bank Swallow has a brown back with white underneath and a brown stripe under the throat and a forked tail. Its babies have a shorter band under the throat.

Its total length equals up to 130 millimeters, and its wing length is 98.3 millimeters. The total tail length is 47.3 millimeters. Last, but not least, the length of its torso is 10.8millimeters. The eggs measure up to 17.9 millimeters by 12.7 millimeters. Its shape is like a normal bird, but it has a forked tail. 

Habitat Requirements

  The Bank Swallow eats flying insects - ants, termites, tree hoppers, leaf hoppers, aphids, beetles, mosquitoes, houseflies, game flies, dragon flies, and moths. It drinks water. It lives in gravel, sand, or dirt banks by rivers, ponds, or even creeks. It needs space where it can fly free and eat as it pleases.


  This is a bird of prey, and it eats only insects. Its natural enemies are bigger birds such as falcons, hawks, and eagles. Its worst enemies are snakes, because snakes can get in its nest and eat its eggs.

Reasons for Endangerment

  The Bank Swallow is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. This bird is ranks G5/S3S4, which means that it is very un common in Virginia. That is because it has lost much of its habitat. This fact should be of special concern in Virginians.

Restoration Actions

  Humans have bred Bank Swallows from eggs to adults, and then let them go in the wild. This protects them from being hunted. I think people should teach Barn Swallows to make smarter holes. I think conservationists should take the Barn Swallow to states where there is more habitat for it. .

What Was Learned

  I learned that Barn Swallow is the smallest swallow, and that it is endangered and not far from being extinct. The problems I had were in getting the right information and writing it.

Conclusions From Research

  I learned that research can be fun and sometimes boring. The part that is most fun is looking up information. The experience that I got from this is do my work, so I will learn how to do research reports that will help me in the future. I hope you have enjoyed this, because I have enjoyed doing it.


  Terwilliger, Karen.1991. "Virginia's Endangered Species" pp. 516-517

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Christiansburg Elementary
Last updated on March 12, 1997